Bleeding during sexual intercourse is a common multifactorial phenomenon which is a common cause that the woman will seek gynecological examination. The blood that will be perceived is usually small, self-limiting,

Etiologically the main factors that a woman sees blood in sexual intercourse are.

  1. Cervicitis

The inflammation of the cervix (cervix) is a cause that can cause bleeding during sexual intercourse. Various germs, mainly bacteria, infect the cervix, causing inflammation. The most common of these is mycoplasma and ureaplasma . Gynecological examination and vaginal fluid culture are considered necessary for both the diagnosis and treatment of these germs.

  1. Wart virus (HPV)

The wart virus is sexually transmitted and infects the cervix creating corrosive pre-cancerous conditions (malformations) which at an advanced stage may be the cause of bleeding during sexual intercourse, gynecological examination and Pap test are of great importance for the early diagnosis and treatment of cervical malformations from the wart virus

  1. Polyps

The presence of cervical polyps is a common cause for a woman to bleed during sexual intercourse. The gynecological examination is considered necessary in these cases as its surgical resection polyp is simple.

  1. Injuries

Injuries can cause blood in the sexual intercourse, they usually occur at the entrance of the vagina in "fragile", sensitive areas of the vaginal mucosa. It is a common occurrence in women who have undergone vaginal surgery, such as cauterization.

  1. Sexually transmitted diseases

Some sexually transmitted diseases like the chlamydia can cause bleeding during sexual intercourse although most of the time it remains asymptomatic. Proper vaginal fluid culture and gynecological examination should be performed as soon as possible.


What should I do if I see blood on sexual intercourse?

First of all, the woman should remain calm and assess the amount of blood as well as whether it decreases over time. She should also contact her gynecologist scheduling the examination as soon as possible. If the blood does not decrease after a few minutes, it would be good to seek immediate gynecological examination.