Menopause is defined as the transition period between the reproductive period and menopause.

The main feature of the menopausal period is the change of menstrual cycles and the appearance of some menopausal signs such as hot flashes and sweating.

  • What is menopause and how does it appear?

Initially the woman experiences a change in frequency usually as period delay but also more frequent occurrence of period -frequency menstruation-. Also the woman may experience hot flashes and sweating which last less and with less intensity than in established menopause. All of these symptoms are caused by a drop in estrogen, which can subside on its own.

  • At what age does menopause appear and how long does it last?

On average, menopause occurs from 45 to 48 years, while its duration varies from a few months (smooth transition to menopause) to 2-3 years (long transition).

  • How is menopause diagnosed? do I have to take an exam?

The diagnosis of menopause is made by gynecological examination, vaginal ultrasound and hormonal examination.


  • I feel that I will be unwell but I am not unwell and I am many days late, what can I do?

A feature of menopause and premenopause is the loss of a period due to non-ovulation, so along with the constant secretion of low-intensity estrogen the woman feels premenstrual elements without being ill. After the woman is examined she must take progesterone tablets in order to dispose of it.

  • Can I do anything to make myself feel stable?

You can, during menopause, be given continuous supplements of hormones - estrogen - progesterone, so that the woman has a stable menstrual cycle and the possible menopausal signs can be corrected.

  • Before administering any hormonal preparation, the woman should be examined gynecologically and by ultrasound.

  • 48% of women who are in menopause and menopause have abnormalities in the period but also psychological transitions such as anxiety, melancholy, etc. These women should seek the help of a specialist.