Polyps are one of the most common benign tumors of the uterus and cervix, as they are found in as many as 10% of women at different stages of histological development. They consist of glands, fibers, vessels and connective tissue in benign hyperplastic (excessive) growth.
Where are the genital polyps?
Genital polyps are found in the cervix of the uterus where they are perceived during gynecological examination the Pap test (1.cervical polyps) but also in the body of the uterus specifically in the endometrium (2.endometrial polyps) where they are diagnosed by vaginal ultrasound.
Can I tell if I have genital polyps?
Polyps are usually asymptomatic, ie they do not cause any signs or symptoms in the woman! but many times they can cause abnormal vaginal bleeding such as blood in the middle of the cycle in drops but also blood droplets before the start of the period, in these cases the woman will notice small amount of red blood regardless of the upcoming season. Other times polyps are responsible for the appearance heavy season with a large amount of blood but also long period (menorrhagia).
I see blood during sexual intercourse, can I have polyps ??
The answer is yes, it can! Some polyps, especially those located in the cervix during sexual intercourse, may bleed due to friction during penetration, so the woman will also notice red blood during or after sexual intercourse.
Are Polyps Related To Uterine Cancer?
Unfortunately yes , are usually simple benign lesions protruding from some part of the uterus, other times but they contain hyperplastic elements that can gradually be associated with malignancy. Polyps are associated with endometrial cancer at a rate of 5-7%!
When can I get tested for an endometrial polyp?
The answer is that polyps are often diagnosed randomly during a preventive annual checkup. Therefore, it is of utmost importance for the woman to maintain the annual gynecological examination in order to apply the preventive diagnosis and treatment. Also the best time for a vaginal ultrasound is a few days after the end of the period.
Are polyps related to female fertility?
Usually not, but during pregnancy they can cause abnormal bleeding or increase in size and show malignancies.
What is the appropriate treatment for polyps?
The most appropriate treatment is surgery, either through therapeutic abrasion which is a fast and safe procedure or through hysteroscopy which is the current method of choosing endometrial resection polyps especially in women who have not given birth.